038 - 报数(count-and-say)

Create by jsliang on 2019-06-10 13:58:42
Recently revised in 2019-06-10 15:06:56

一 目录

不折腾的前端,和咸鱼有什么区别

目录
一 目录
二 前言
三 解题
3.1 解法 - 暴力破解
3.2 解法 - 递归调用

二 前言

返回目录

报数序列是一个整数序列,按照其中的整数的顺序进行报数,得到下一个数。其前五项如下:

1.     1
2.     11
3.     21
4.     1211
5.     111221
1 被读作  "one 1"  ("一个一") , 即 11。
11 被读作 "two 1s" ("两个一"), 即 21。
21 被读作 "one 2",  "one 1" ("一个二" ,  "一个一") , 即 1211。

给定一个正整数 n(1 ≤ n ≤ 30),输出报数序列的第 n 项。

注意:整数顺序将表示为一个字符串。



示例 1:
输入: 1
输出: "1"

示例 2:
输入: 4
输出: "1211"
  • 题意解读

这道题的思路是有点绕 rap 的,所以在这里给小伙伴们解读下。

  • 1:当它是 1 的时候,我们就返回字符串 '1'1
  • 2:当它是 2 的时候,我们就对 1 报数,即 1111
  • 3:当它是 3 的时候,我们就对 2 报数,即 2121
  • 4:当它是 4 的时候,我们就对 3 报数,即 12 加上 111211
  • 5:当它是 5 的时候,我们就对 4 报数,即 11 加上 12 加上 21111221
  • 以此类推……

三 解题

返回目录

小伙伴可以先自己在本地尝试解题,再回来看看 jsliang 讲解下使用 JavaScript 的解题思路。

3.1 解法 - 暴力破解

返回目录

  • 解题代码
var countAndSay = function(n) {
  switch (n) {
    case 1:
      return '1';
    case 2:
      return '11';
    case 3:
      return '21';
    case 4:
      return '1211';
    case 5:
      return '111221';
    case 6:
      return '312211';
    case 7:
      return '13112221';
    case 8:
      return '1113213211';
    case 9:
      return '31131211131221';
    case 10:
      return '13211311123113112211';
    case 11:
      return '11131221133112132113212221';
    case 12:
      return '3113112221232112111312211312113211';
    case 13:
      return '1321132132111213122112311311222113111221131221';
    case 14:
      return '11131221131211131231121113112221121321132132211331222113112211';
    case 15:
      return '311311222113111231131112132112311321322112111312211312111322212311322113212221';
    case 16:
      return '132113213221133112132113311211131221121321131211132221123113112221131112311332111213211322211312113211';
    case 17:
      return '11131221131211132221232112111312212321123113112221121113122113111231133221121321132132211331121321231231121113122113322113111221131221';
    case 18:
      return '31131122211311123113321112131221123113112211121312211213211321322112311311222113311213212322211211131221131211132221232112111312111213111213211231131122212322211331222113112211';
    case 19:
      return '1321132132211331121321231231121113112221121321132122311211131122211211131221131211132221121321132132212321121113121112133221123113112221131112311332111213122112311311123112111331121113122112132113213211121332212311322113212221';
    case 20:
      return '11131221131211132221232112111312111213111213211231132132211211131221131211221321123113213221123113112221131112311332211211131221131211132211121312211231131112311211232221121321132132211331121321231231121113112221121321133112132112312321123113112221121113122113121113123112112322111213211322211312113211';
    case 21:
      return '311311222113111231133211121312211231131112311211133112111312211213211312111322211231131122211311122122111312211213211312111322211213211321322113311213212322211231131122211311123113223112111311222112132113311213211221121332211211131221131211132221232112111312111213111213211231132132211211131221232112111312211213111213122112132113213221123113112221131112311311121321122112132231121113122113322113111221131221';
    case 22:
      return '132113213221133112132123123112111311222112132113311213211231232112311311222112111312211311123113322112132113213221133122112231131122211211131221131112311332211211131221131211132221232112111312111213322112132113213221133112132113221321123113213221121113122123211211131221222112112322211231131122211311123113321112131221123113111231121113311211131221121321131211132221123113112211121312211231131122211211133112111311222112111312211312111322211213211321322113311213211331121113122122211211132213211231131122212322211331222113112211';
    case 23:
      return '111312211312111322212321121113121112131112132112311321322112111312212321121113122112131112131221121321132132211231131122211331121321232221121113122113121113222123112221221321132132211231131122211331121321232221123113112221131112311332111213122112311311123112112322211211131221131211132221232112111312211322111312211213211312111322211231131122111213122112311311221132211221121332211213211321322113311213212312311211131122211213211331121321123123211231131122211211131221131112311332211213211321223112111311222112132113213221123123211231132132211231131122211311123113322112111312211312111322212321121113122123211231131122113221123113221113122112132113213211121332212311322113212221';
    case 24:
      return '3113112221131112311332111213122112311311123112111331121113122112132113121113222112311311221112131221123113112221121113311211131122211211131221131211132221121321132132212321121113121112133221123113112221131112311332111213213211221113122113121113222112132113213221232112111312111213322112132113213221133112132123123112111311222112132113311213211221121332211231131122211311123113321112131221123113112221132231131122211211131221131112311332211213211321223112111311222112132113212221132221222112112322211211131221131211132221232112111312111213111213211231132132211211131221232112111312211213111213122112132113213221123113112221133112132123222112111312211312112213211231132132211211131221131211132221121311121312211213211312111322211213211321322113311213212322211231131122211311123113321112131221123113112211121312211213211321222113222112132113223113112221121113122113121113123112112322111213211322211312113211';
    case 25:
      return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
    case 26:
      return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
    case 27:
      return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
    case 28:
      return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
    case 29:
      return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
    case 30:
      return '3113112221131112311332111213122112311311123112111331121113122112132113121113222112311311221112131221123113112221121113311211131122211211131221131211132221121321132132212321121113121112133221123113112221131112212211131221121321131211132221123113112221131112311332211211133112111311222112111312211311123113322112111312211312111322212321121113121112133221121321132132211331121321132213211231132132211211131221232112111312212221121123222112311311222113111231133211121321321122111312211312111322211213211321322123211211131211121332211231131122211311123113321112131221123113111231121123222112111331121113112221121113122113111231133221121113122113121113221112131221123113111231121123222112111312211312111322212321121113121112131112132112311321322112111312212321121113122122211211232221121321132132211331121321231231121113112221121321132132211322132113213221123113112221133112132123222112111312211312112213211231132132211211131221131211322113321132211221121332211231131122211311123113321112131221123113111231121113311211131221121321131211132221123113112211121312211231131122211211133112111311222112111312211312111322211213211321223112111311222112132113213221133122211311221122111312211312111322212321121113121112131112132112311321322112111312212321121113122122211211232221121321132132211331121321231231121113112221121321132132211322132113213221123113112221133112132123222112111312211312112213211231132132211211131221131211322113321132211221121332211213211321322113311213212312311211131122211213211331121321123123211231131122211211131221131112311332211213211321223112111311222112132113213221123123211231132132211231131122211311123113322112111312211312111322111213122112311311123112112322211213211321322113312211223113112221121113122113111231133221121321132132211331222113321112131122211332113221122112133221123113112221131112311332111213122112311311123112111331121113122112132113121113222112311311221112131221123113112221121113311211131122211211131221131211132221121321132132212321121113121112133221123113112221131112311332111213122112311311123112112322211322311311222113111231133211121312211231131112311211232221121113122113121113222123211211131221132211131221121321131211132221123113112211121312211231131122113221122112133221121321132132211331121321231231121113121113122122311311222113111231133221121113122113121113221112131221123113111231121123222112132113213221133112132123123112111312211322311211133112111312211213211311123113223112111321322123122113222122211211232221121113122113121113222123211211131211121311121321123113213221121113122123211211131221121311121312211213211321322112311311222113311213212322211211131221131211221321123113213221121113122113121113222112131112131221121321131211132221121321132132211331121321232221123113112221131112311322311211131122211213211331121321122112133221121113122113121113222123112221221321132132211231131122211331121321232221121113122113121113222123211211131211121332211213111213122112132113121113222112132113213221232112111312111213322112132113213221133112132123123112111311222112132113311213211221121332211231131122211311123113321112131221123113112221132231131122211211131221131112311332211213211321223112111311222112132113212221132221222112112322211211131221131211132221232112111312111213111213211231131112311311221122132113213221133112132123222112311311222113111231132231121113112221121321133112132112211213322112111312211312111322212321121113121112131112132112311321322112111312212321121113122122211211232221121311121312211213211312111322211213211321322123211211131211121332211213211321322113311213211322132112311321322112111312212321121113122122211211232221121321132132211331121321231231121113112221121321133112132112312321123113112221121113122113111231133221121321132122311211131122211213211321222113222122211211232221123113112221131112311332111213122112311311123112111331121113122112132113121113222112311311221112131221123113112221121113311211131122211211131221131211132221121321132132212321121113121112133221123113112221131112311332111213213211221113122113121113222112132113213221232112111312111213322112132113213221133112132123123112111312211322311211133112111312212221121123222112132113213221133112132123222113223113112221131112311332111213122112311311123112112322211211131221131211132221232112111312111213111213211231132132211211131221131211221321123113213221123113112221131112211322212322211231131122211322111312211312111322211213211321322113311213211331121113122122211211132213211231131122212322211331222113112211';
  }
};
  • 执行测试

  • n4

  • return
1211
  • LeetCode Submit
✔ Accepted
  ✔ 18/18 cases passed (72 ms)
  ✔ Your runtime beats 97.8 % of javascript submissions
  ✔ Your memory usage beats 91.4 % of javascript submissions (34.2 MB)
  • 解题思路

这是 jsliang 看到最炫的解题方法了,帅得嘛就不谈了,总共 30 种情况,直接上暴力破解,省时省力。

3.2 解法 - 递归调用

返回目录

  • 解题代码
var countAndSay = function(n) {
  if (n === 1) {
    return '1';
  } else {
    let prevResult = countAndSay(n - 1);
    let nowResult = '';
    let numLength = 1;

    for (let i = 0; i < prevResult.length; i++) {
      if (prevResult[i] === prevResult[i + 1]) {
        numLength++;
      } else {
        nowResult = nowResult + numLength + prevResult[i];
        numLength = 1;
      }
    }

    return nowResult;
  }
};
  • 执行测试

  • n4

  • return
1211
  • LeetCode Submit
✔ Accepted
  ✔ 18/18 cases passed (112 ms)
  ✔ Your runtime beats 37.95 % of javascript submissions
  ✔ Your memory usage beats 65.8 % of javascript submissions (35.2 MB)
  • 解题思路

首先,如果你看懂了 jsliang 在前言中写的 题意解读,并且有点递归的知识,那么这道题的解法你基本就懂了,看了一眼上面的代码就通了。

然后,如果你不懂,OK,咱们讲讲:

图

最后,我们直接把结果返回出来就 OK 了。


不折腾的前端,和咸鱼有什么区别!

图

jsliang 会每天更新一道 LeetCode 题解,从而帮助小伙伴们夯实原生 JS 基础,了解与学习算法与数据结构。

扫描上方二维码,关注 jsliang 的公众号,让我们一起折腾!

知识共享许可协议
jsliang 的文档库梁峻荣 采用 知识共享 署名-非商业性使用-相同方式共享 4.0 国际 许可协议进行许可。
基于https://github.com/LiangJunrong/document-library上的作品创作。
本许可协议授权之外的使用权限可以从 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/cn/ 处获得。

Copyright © jsliang.top 2019 all right reserved,powered by Gitbook该文件修订时间: 2019-06-14 21:45:48

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